Programming Paradigm Defined
A programming paradigm is the classification, style or way of programming. It is an approach to solve problems by using programming languages. Depending on the language, the difficulty of using a paradigm differs.
There are several programming languages that use paradigms, but to do this, they need to follow a strategy or methodology. Paradigms are not meant to be mutually exclusive; a single program can feature multiple paradigms. Below is an overview of programming languages and their paradigm methodology.
- Imperative: Programming with an explicit sequence of commands.
- Declarative: Programming by specifying the result a user wants, instead of how to get it.
- Structured: Programming with clean control structures.
- Procedural: Imperative programming with procedure calls.
- Functional: Programming with function calls that avoid any global state.
- Function-Level: Programming with no variables at all.
- Object-Oriented: Programming by defining objects that send messages to each other.
- Event-Driven: Programming with emitters and listeners of asynchronous actions.
- Flow-Driven: Programming processes communicating with each other over predefined channels.
- Logic: Programming by specifying a set of facts and rules.
- Constraint: Programming by specifying a set of constraints.
- Aspect-Oriented: Programming cross-cutting concerns applied transparently.
- Reflective: Programming by manipulating the program elements.
- Array: Programming with powerful array operators.
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