What Is Identity And Access Management (IAM)?

Identity And Access Management (IAM) Defined

Identity and access management, also known as IAM is an IT security discipline, framework and solution, which defines and manages the roles and access privileges of individual network users. Users could include customers (customer identity management) or employees (employee identity management).

The goal of IAM systems is to ensure that any given identity has access to the right resources (applications, databases and networks) and within the correct context. Once a digital identity has been established, it must be maintained, modified and monitored throughout each user’s “access lifecycle.”

The areas that identity and access management organizational policies define include::

  • How users are identified and the roles are assigned
  • The systems, information, and other areas protected by IAM
  • The correct levels of protection and access for sensitive data, systems, information, and locations
  • Adding, removing, and amending individuals in the IAM system
  • Adding, removing, and amending a role’s access rights in the IAM system

The benefits of IAM include:

  • Improving user experiences
  • Enhancing security profiles
  • Simplifying auditing and reporting
  • Allowing for easy access regardless of location
  • Increasing productivity and reduces costs

In Data Defined, we help make the complex world of data more accessible by explaining some of the most complex aspects of the field.

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